Open Access Research article

Synthesis and characterization of thermally stable aromatic polyamides and poly(1,3,4-oxadiazole-amide)s nanoparticles containing pendant substituted bezamides

Hammed HAM Hassan*, Amel F Elhusseiny, Yasmeen MA Elkony and El-Sayed ME Mansour

Author Affiliations

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, P.O. Box 426-Ibrahimia, Alexandria 21321, Egypt

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Chemistry Central Journal 2013, 7:13  doi:10.1186/1752-153X-7-13

Published: 23 January 2013

Abstract

Background

The introduction of pendent bulky groups along the polymer backbone results in a less ordered polymer matrix and increases the solubility characteristics without affecting thermal properties. The inclusion of chromogenic chemical moieties in the chains can give rise to the luminescent converter material which permits the preparation of materials with potential applications. Aromatic polymers containing heterocyclic rings in the main chain are known for their high thermal resistance, good hydrolytic stability, low dielectric and tough mechanical properties. There is currently much research directed towards the discovery of new blue light-emitting polymers, with characteristics of high efficiency and high reliability. Herein, we describe the preparation of aromatic polyamides and poly (1,3,4-oxadiazole-amide)s nanoparticles with pendant structures comprised of m- and p-acetoxybenzamide groups, where the acetoxybenzamide groups act as signaling units due to their fluorescent and chromogenic characteristics.

Results

Aromatic polyamides and poly(1,3,4-oxadiazole-amide)s nanoparticles with pendant structures comprised of m- and p-acetoxybenzamide groups were successfully prepared and characterized using different analytical methods. Most polyamides were obtained as well-separated spherical nanoparticles while aramide containing pyridine produced aggregated particles attributed to the molecular self assembly via H-bond directed organization of molecular precursors. The thermal behavior of all polymers exhibited two major thermal decompositions due to the subsequent breakage of the acetoxy group in the lateral chain and cleavage of the main amide bonds. Photoluminescence studies revealed that the blue emissions for the polyamide derived from benzidine were blue-shifted (shifted to a lower wavelength) compared to that of polyamides containing flexible linkages.

Conclusions

We report the synthesis of aromatic polyamides and poly(1,3,4-oxadiazole-amide)s nanoparticles with pendant structures comprised of m- and p-acetoxybenzamide groups. The thermal behavior of all polymers exhibited two major decompositions due to breakage of the acetoxy group in the lateral chain and cleavage of the main amide bonds. Structure- photoluminescence correlation demonstrated an interesting connection between structural modification and optical properties. The blue emissions for the polyamide derived from benzidine, attributed to the highly conjugation system, was blue shifted with the introduction of flexible linkages. The prepared polymers dissolved in warm polar aprotic solvents. Further investigations to obtain films with reasonably good mechanical properties for different applications are in progress.

Keywords:
Nanoparticles; Synthesis; Aramides; Fluorescence; SEM; Thermal analysis; Oxadiazole ring

Graphical abstract