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Open Access Open Badges Review

Elsholtzia: phytochemistry and biological activities

Zhiqin Guo, Zizhen Liu, Xiaohong Wang, Weirui Liu, Rui Jiang, Ruiyang Cheng and Gaimei She*

Author Affiliations

School of Chinese Pharmacy, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, 100102, China

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Chemistry Central Journal 2012, 6:147  doi:10.1186/1752-153X-6-147

Published: 5 December 2012


Plants of the genus Elsholtzia (Lamiaceae) have a long history of medicinal use in folk. The phytochemical investigations revealed the presence of flavonoids, phenylpropanoids, terpenoids, and other compounds. Abundant volatile components are also identified. Pure compounds, volatile constituents and crude extracts from the genus exhibited a wide spectrum of in vitro and in vivo pharmacological activities. The aims of this review hopefully provide comprehensive information on the distribution, phytochemistry, volatile components, and pharmacological research of Elsholtzia for exploring the potential and advance researches.