Elsholtzia: phytochemistry and biological activities
School of Chinese Pharmacy, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, 100102, China
Chemistry Central Journal 2012, 6:147 doi:10.1186/1752-153X-6-147Published: 5 December 2012
Plants of the genus Elsholtzia (Lamiaceae) have a long history of medicinal use in folk. The phytochemical investigations revealed the presence of flavonoids, phenylpropanoids, terpenoids, and other compounds. Abundant volatile components are also identified. Pure compounds, volatile constituents and crude extracts from the genus exhibited a wide spectrum of in vitro and in vivo pharmacological activities. The aims of this review hopefully provide comprehensive information on the distribution, phytochemistry, volatile components, and pharmacological research of Elsholtzia for exploring the potential and advance researches.