Open Access Research article

Characterisation of temperature-dependent phase transitions in 2,2-trimethylenedioxy- 4,4,6,6-tetrachlorocyclotriphosphazene, N3P3Cl4[O(CH2)3O]

Simon J Coles1*, David B Davies2, Michael B Hursthouse1, Susanne L Huth1, Adem Kılıç3, Mark E Light1, Marianne Odlyha2, John S Rutherford4, Robert A Shaw2 and Aylin Uslu3

Author Affiliations

1 School of Chemistry, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton. SO17 1BJ, UK

2 School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Birkbeck College (University of London), Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, UK

3 Department of Chemistry, Gebze Institute of Technology, Gebze, Turkey

4 1 Barliath, Minard, Argyll PA32 8YQ, UK

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Chemistry Central Journal 2007, 1:20  doi:10.1186/1752-153X-1-20

Published: 18 July 2007

Abstract

Background

The crystal structure of 2,2-trimethylenedioxy-4,4,6,6-tetrachlorocyclo triphosphazene has been determined at 120, 274 and 293 K. The result at 293 K confirms the room temperature Cmc21 structure, but at the lower temperatures the space group is Pna21. Nevertheless the basic structure remains the same, with only small displacements of the atoms, amounting to an average of 25 pm between 120 and 293 K.

Results

X-ray diffraction and DSC results indicate that the phase transition takes place in two steps between 274 – 293 K and provides an understanding of previous NQR results. In the intermediate temperature range the molecules are displaced from their room temperature positions in such a way as to give an average structure with Cmc21 symmetry.

Conclusion

The overall phase transition is consistent with the occurrence of a soft lattice mode at room temperature in which a large displacement of the molecule in the x-direction is coupled with a flexing motion about an axis defined by the nitrogen atoms in the N1 and N3 positions.